Urologic Cancers

What are urologic cancers?

Urologic cancers include bladder cancer, kidney cancer, prostate cancer, and testicular cancer.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United States. Testicular cancer is also common among American men.

Bladder cancer is a common cancer for both women and men in the United States.

Kidney cancer is more common in older adults and is among the ten most common cancers in both women and men.

What are the signs and symptoms of urologic cancers?

Each type of urologic cancer has its own set of signs and symptoms that physicians can use to diagnose a cancer. Common signs can include problems urinating, swelling or a lump that does not go away and persistent fatigue. For more signs and symptoms that are specific to each urologic cancer here are their separate pages:

What are the causes and risk factors of urologic cancers?

Causes and risk factors can vary for each type of urologic cancer but general risk factors include family history, age, gender, and smoking. You can find more detailed information on risk factors for each urologic cancer on their individual pages.

How are urologic cancers treated and diagnosed?

Your physicians will use a variety of diagnostic tools like imaging tests, urine samples, and blood samples to determine if you have a urologic cancer. Specific urologic cancers, such as prostate cancer, will require other diagnostic tests to confirm a diagnosis and determine the type and stage of the cancer. To form a treatment plan your physician will take into consideration the stage and type of your cancer, your lifestyle, and many other factors to create the best plan for you to fight your cancer. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.