Fitness and Cancer Prevention
Obesity has been known to increase a person’s risk of developing many diseases, including cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, obesity in the United States is a contributing factor in one out of five cancer diagnoses. Therefore, physicians recommend patients pursue active and healthy lifestyles to minimize their risk for developing diseases.
Maintain a Healthy Weight
Weight has long been considered an indicator of health. People who are overweight or obese are at risk for many illnesses and diseases. As part of a healthy lifestyle, it is recommended that patients try to stay as slim as possible without being underweight, while also avoiding excess weight gain that would put you outside of your healthy weight range for your height.
Regular physical activity can help you in maintaining a healthy weight. Walking, jogging, swimming, or biking are all great low-impact activities that you can take part in at all ages and fitness levels.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Another indicator of fitness and health is a patient’s body mass index or BMI. Your BMI is calculated using your weight and height. A healthy BMI for adults falls within the range of 18.5 to 24.9.
Avoiding sedentary behavior, such as sitting for long periods of time in front of the computer or TV, can help you form healthy habits. The average adult should get either 75 minutes of vigorous activity or 150 minutes of moderate activity each week, or more preferably a combination of the two forms of activity.
In addition to pursuing an active lifestyle, supporting your fitness efforts with a healthy diet is important for your overall well-being before, during, and after cancer treatment.