Ovarian Cancer

What are ovarian cancers?

Originating in the ovaries, ovarian cancer has three main types of ovarian cancer tumors: epithelial tumors, germ cell tumors and stromal tumors. Most ovarian tumors are epithelial tumors that start in the cells that cover outer part of ovaries. According to Cancer.org, ovarian cancer accounts for about 3% of cancers among women, but it causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system.

What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?

There are some early symptoms of ovarian cancer that can be helpful for early detection. These symptoms include swelling or bloating in your abdomen, stomach pain, bladder problems, and trouble eating. These symptoms are often not caused by ovarian cancer.

What are the risk factors and causes of ovarian cancer?

Family history of ovarian cancer is an important indicator of a heightened risk for developing ovarian cancer. There are several other risk factors including:

  • Age, as a woman ages her risk for developing ovarian cancer increases
  • Obesity has been linked to an increase risk of developing ovarian cancer
  • Women who have healthy full term pregnancies can lower their risk
  • Women who use birth control can lower their risk
  • Tubal ligation and hysterectomies can help lower a woman's risk of developing ovarian cancer
  • Certain hormone treatments can raise a woman's risk of developing cancer
  • Having breast cancer can raise your risk for developing ovarian cancer
  • Diets high in fat can raise your risk for developing ovarian cancer

How is ovarian cancer treated?

Imaging tests, blood screening and other diagnostics will be used to help your physicians diagnose ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is treated in a variety of ways and your physicians and specialists will design a treatment plan for you based on your individual diagnosis. Ovarian cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy and radiation therapy.